Overview of the lecture
- People who were born a certain way, will therefore have a certain personality, that people were born with certain characteristics and identities.
- Thinking about identity.
- We still draw on essentialist ways of thinking.
- Creation of identities
- Concepts of 'otherness'
- Analysis of visual examples
- Identity - who are we and how others perceive who we are.
- Family and friends
- Physical attributes (deformities)
- Sense of humour
- Skills and abilities
- Religion and beliefs
- Essentialism vs anti-essentialism
- Choices - vegetarian - conspicuous consumption
- Body modifications - piercings - boob jobs
- Emotional availability
- Social networking
- Reality vs projected identity
The circle of culture;
- Process from psychoanalysis
- Jacques LACAN
- The 'Hommelette'
- The 'Mirror Stage'
The mirror stage is a metaphor, a baby seeing itself in the mirror for the first time, seeing they are real, a thing, something whole and solid, 6-18months old.
- Sense of self (subjectivity) built on.
- An illusion of wholeness.
- Receiving views from others.
- RESULT=own subjectivity is fragile.
In the same way that we create our own identities, in opposition to what we are not, so does a society.
Problems; relies on the assumption of opposition and radical otherness.
- I am a women as I'm not a man
- I am white because I'm not black
- I am straight because I'm not gay.
It is in the same way that we create our own.
- Shores up unstable identities through illusion of unity.
- Shared fashion, belief systems, values
- Subterranean values (Matza, 1961)