Part One - History;
Internet was created in 1991 at 'cern', it was created by a scientist in Switzerland, Geneva, in the Large Hydrogen Colider. Tim Burners-Lee (English) wanted create a way to send information from one computer to another.
"...to link access information of various kinds as a web of nodes in which the user can browse at will." Quote from Time Burners-Lee (6th August 1991)
Web at the time was purely based on text, there were no images until 1992, when the first image went live of a girl group called LEs Horribles Cerneets, founded by cern, which coincidentally have the same initials as the Large Hydrogen Colider.
In 1992 the first world web server was created by Steve Jobs, he called it NeXT.
Part Two - Terminology;
Safari and Firefox (things like that) decode to show us what they are trying to say and show.
HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
URL - Uniform Resource Locator
HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language
CSS - Cascading style sheets
FTP - File Transfer Protocol
CMS - Content Management System
For a website to be successful the content needs to be dynamic, it needs to be able to change.
A skeuomorphism is a derivative object that retains ornamental design cues from structures that were necessary in the original.
- Imitating something that it isn't
- Very hated by people
- Trying to be the real thing on a screen (flipping a page in a book)
Responsive design could be called 'reactive design'. It is 'responsive' because the design 'responds' i.e. can be adapted to a variety of media using screens of various sizes. The concept was introduced by Ethan Morcotte, a webdesigner and developer, who became famous after publishing his book, 'Responsive Web Design, in which he discussed the constraints and difficulties endured in developing responsive web sites.
Part Three - Design
What's the Point?
A website should only be created if there is a point. There are three questions you should always ask before you decide to create a website.
- What is the purpose of the website?
- Who is the target audience?
- What do the target audience need?
HTML & CSS: Design & Build Websites
How to Design Websites
Don't Make me Think; A common sense approach to web design